In mythology and Renaissance Magic, gnomes are little creatures, living underground, linked to Saturnian owl symbolism, tales of Hollow Earth-Inner Earth, shapeshifting goblins, hobbits (hobgoblin), Greys and other extraterrestial shapeshifting races that were known as the Archons (unseen rulers) in gnosticism. Gnomes were first described by Swiss alchemist Paracelsus (first Rosicrucianism).

The Egyptians worshiped dwarf gods Bes and Ptah.

In tales with esoteric symbolism like Alice in Wonderland and the Wizard of Oz, the little people represent undeveloped immature instincts and urges that need to be transmuted  through the 4 cardinal virtues to be able to develop a relationship with the Higher Self through the heart (Oz, green heart chakra, the word contains GN like Gnosis).

History of Gnome mythology

30 bc Vitruvius mentions the gnomon (sun dial) as 'gnomonice' in De Architectura (Golden Ratio, study of sacred geometry).

1566 Paracelsus A Book on Nymphs, Sylphs, Pygmies, Salamanders and on the Other Spirits uses the word gnomes for earth elementals (spirits associated with element Earth, while Sylphs are associated with air, Salamanders with fire, Undines with water). He introduces the alchemical concept of a homunculus (little man).

1583 Rosicrucian John Dee develops the Enochian system (with demon Choronzon).

1596 Shakespeare's A Midsummer's Night Dream with Puck (Robin Goodfellow) as hobgoblin.

1611 Shakespeare's The Tempest with Prospero based on John Dee and Ariel as air spirit (Sylph).

1714 Alexander Pope's The Rape of the Lock. Construction of the gnomon in the Church of Saint-Sulpice in Paris.

1818 Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, based on Paracelsus.

1837 Nathaniel Hawthorne's Twice-Told Tales.

1859 Franz Hartmann publishes a biography of Paracelsus and Unter die Gnomen im Untersberg (mountain near Berchtesgaden). He later founds the German Theosophical Society, sodomy cult Ordo Templi Orientis and supports the Guido-von-Liszt Society (British Intelligence agents creating nazism in Germany).

1874 Modest Mussorgsky (Night at the Bald Mountain) Pictures at an Exhibition piece The Gnome.

1900 Frank Baum of the Theosophical Society publishes the Wizard of Oz as a manual for trauma based mind control. The dominions of the Nome King border the Land of Oz. When Dorothy meets the little Munchkins, a reference to Bavarian town Munich (München), Baum describes them as 'the queerest people she had ever seen'.  4 cardinal virtues of cardinal signs Aquarius, Taurus, Leo and Scorpio as Dorothy, Tin Man, Cowardly Lion and Scarecrow.

1904 Aleister Crowley channels the Book of the Law after 'shewing the Sylphs' ritual, becomes the prophet of the new Aeon of Horus. He describes his god Lam as a hidden dwarf god. He uses the Enochian system in sex magicwith Victor Neuburg.

1914 Cecil agent JRR Tolkien develops a mythology of gnomes, goblins (orcs), hobgoblins (hobbits) and trolls.

1929 Carl Jung's essay on Paracelsus.

1930 Adolf Hitler's nazi party chooses the Berghof at Berchtesgaden Bavaria as headquarter close to the Unterberg (legend of Frederick Barbarossa and Holy Roman Empire). Josef Mengele conducts research on dwarfism at Auschwitz (Ovitz family, Michael Ovitz became CEO of Disney).

1937 occultist Upton Sinclair (CCNY, ACLU with Crystal Eastman and Felix Frankfurter, friend of Robert Heinlein) publishes The Gnome-Mobile. Disney's Snow White and the Seven Dwarves (7 chakra's).

1939 The Wizard of Oz MGM Judy Garland as Dorothy Jerry Maran as Munchkin. The dwarf actors stay at Culver City Hotel, owned by Charlie Chaplin and YMCA.

1942 BB's Little Grey Men.

1943 Paracelsus by GW Pabst (movie with Leni Riefenstahl), working for propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels.

1945 atom bomb ritual of Manhattan Project with Albert Einstein, Fat Man Little Man as references to Paracelsus' homunculus.

1952 opening of the Efteling in Holland, collaborators with Disney who opened Disneyland 3 years later.

1965 Marvel Comics introduces Green Goblin character in Spiderman mythology with Norman and Harry Osborn (Oz). The Smurfs (symbol of undeveloped personality traits) are originally called goblins.

1965 The Sound of Music Julie Andrews as the Fool Christopher Plummer Eleanor Parker (Pasadena Playhouse, The Man With the Golden Arm of Nelson Algren) seven children (seven chakra's) 20th Century Fox shot at the Untersberg.

1967 David Bowie releases The Laughing Gnome.

Disney movie The Gnome-mobile Robert Stevenson (Mary Poppins, The Love Bug, Bedknobs and Broomsticks) Ed Wynn (Mad Hatter in Alice in Wonderland), set in San Francisco with Golden Gate Bridge (DNA ladder, human genome). Garden Gnome trend.

1974 Dungeons & Dragons.

1980 The Empire Strikes Back (Draco-Orion Empire) George Lucas (Lucasfilm later bought by Disney) script by Leigh Douglass Brackett, member of the Mañana society of Robert Heinlein, Jack Parsons and Ron Hubbard.

Mark Hamill as Luke Skywalker is instructed by Obi-Wan Kenobi to meet Yoda, played by Frank Oz (The Muppets) and Deep Roy as stand-in, on swamp planet Dagobah (Dakota Hotel of Rosemary's Baby where Mia Farrow uses pendant with the swampy Tannis Root vapour as a connection to Pan).

Yoda represented the archetype of The Hierophant (earth sign Taurus) and The Hermit (letter Yod) was partly based on Albert Einstein. He is a member of the Order of the Jedi (Kundalini energy of the Djedd pillar, 2 serpents of the human genome, leading up to the one eye-pineal gland). The Djedd pillar was associated with green man Osiris (Orion).

Deep Roy was born 12/1, day of death Crowley and played in Hook, Return to Oz, How the Grinch Stole Christmas. Yoda like Darth Vader becomes an icon in pop culture.

1981 Under the Rainbow Carrie Fisher (Star Wars) Jerry Maren (Munchkins) Orion Pictures Warner.

1982 E.T. Steven Spielberg dressing up as Yoda scene.

1985 Legend Tom Cruise Tim Curry as Lord of Darkness leader of goblins.

1986 Labyrinth Jim Henson (The Muppets) David Bowie as Jareth The Goblin King, a Demiurg like Magician Jennifer Connelly as gnostic Sophia figure, labyrinth with gnomon sun dial, guarded by goblins. masque ball scene of The Tempest, screenplay by Terry Jones (Monty Python). The Goblin King manifests itself as an owl.

Gremlins (doll programming) Joe Dante Jim Cummings (Disney) Gremlins watch Snow White and Seven Dwarfes in movie theater, story by Roald Dahl for Disney.

1988 Willow Warwick Davis (StarWars) Val Kilmer Ron Howard story by George Lucas.

1991 Twin Peaks David Lynch Laura Palmer as gnostic Sophia figure, dwarf Michael J Anderson.

1997 JK Rowling's Harry Potter series. Austin Powers franchise Mike Myers as Dr Evil with Verne Troyer as Mini Me.

2001 The Lord of the Rings (Saturn-Pan) Peter Jackson Elijah Wood as Hobbit (hobgoblin). Dwarfs in music videos of Eminem (Real Slim Shady, Purple Pills). Harry Potter Warwick Davis as goblin Griphook.

2003 Dan Brown writes The Da Vinci Code, linking the Saint-Sulpice gnomon to the Holy Grail bloodline (Rose line, Rosslyn).

2005 Charlie and the Chocolate Factory (story of Roald Dahl) Tim Burton (Alice in Wonderland) Johnny Depp Deep Roy as the Oompa Loompa's.

2008 The Imaginarium of Dr Parnassus (Paracelsus) Terry Gilliam Christopher Plummer Johnny Depp dwarf Verne Troyer. The Chronicles of Narnia Warwick Davis as Nikabrik the Dwarf.

2011 Gnome and Juliet (Alpha Omega symbolism, parody of Shakespeare) Disney James McAvoy Michael Caine Emily Blunt Patrick Stewart (Star Trek) Maggie Smith (Harry Potter) Jason Statham Jim Cummings Ozzy Ozbourne Hulk Hogan Dolly Parton music by Elton John screenplay by Kevin Cecil. Tyler the Creator Goblin (inverted cross, big black eyes).

2013 Warwick Davis in ITV show Warwick Davis the Seven Dwarfs of Auschwitz.

2018 Sherlock Gnomes (one eye looking glass) character of AC Doyle (HOGD with Crowley) Johnny Depp (=John Dee, orange haired Mad Hatter, James Holmes Phoenix ritual) Mary J Blige John Stevenson (The Muppets, Labyrinth) Paramount Pictures.