Chemistry is the study of the chemical elements, the structure and properties of matter, that originated in alchemy which studied substances in conjunction with the study of astrology (worship of planetary energies of the God matrix, Al/El=Saturn) in order to conquer the human soul. 88 of the 116 elements are found in nature, the others are created in a laboratory. Compounds are identified by the different elements and their number of atoms fi water as H20 (model developed by John Dalton). When the mass of the atoms is not fixed, it is called a mixture. Atoms are made up of protons, neutrons and electrons.  

The most abundant elements in the universe are hydrogen, helium, oxygen, carbon, neon, iron, nitrogen, silicon, magnesium, sulphur,... The human body consists of oxygen, carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen,..

History of chemistry

The ancients knew carbon, sulfur, iron, copper, silver, gold, tin, lead and mercury (mostly metals, 7 metals associated with 7 planets) and the use of quartz crystal. The Sumerians worshiped Mercury as Enki, the Egyptians (Khem, the Black Land) as Thoth (Emerald Tablets). The Egyptians used silica (silicon dioxyde) and mined emerald made of berylium at Mount Smaragdus. Their religion was based on the production of monoatomic gold powder mfktz, consumed in cone shaped bread cakes. Aristotle divided the world into 4 elements water (liquid), earth (solid), fire (heat) and air (gas).

Arab alchemists experimented with chemical substances at the House of Wisdom in Baghdad. Jabir ibn Hayyan (pseudonym of Shi'ite alchemists) made the first systematic classification of chemical elements.

From 1250 arsenic, antimony, zinc and bismuth were discovered. In the 12th century the Arabic and Greek texts on alchemy (first use of cryptographic cyphers) were translated in Latin. In occultism the 4 elements are evoked as 4 archangels, 4 cardinal signs and virtues corresponding to the 4 kabbalistic worlds.

To rosicrucian alchemists like Paracelsus, salt, sulfur and mercury represented the 3 principles of masculine, feminine and androgynous. Sulphur meant anything combustible.

The cult of Mercury became the Royal Society of the House of Hanover with alchemist Robert Boyle. In the Skeptical Chymist (1661) he introduced the more modern concept of a chemical element. In mainstream history (Darwinism) ancient cultures are seen as primitive and non-scientific (literal belief that nature only consisted of 4 elements).

Isaac Newton wrote on alchemy and the Temple of Solomon. The discovery and use of electricity by Humphrey Davy of Royal Society lead to the discovery of new elements like potassium, sodium, strontium, barium and to the Industrial Revolution. The Royal Society used knowledge of chemistry for chemical warfare. In 1735 cobalt was discovered, named after kobolds, a sort of gnome. Nickel was derived from Old Nick's copper (Old Nick: the Devil).

 The families of the Roman Empire like Colonna-Dupont worked with Antoine Lavoisier, who discovered the law of conservation of mass and isolated oxygen with Joseph Priestley (friend of Benjamin Franklin). He named the element hydrogen, discovered by Henry Cavendish (Cecil bloc). The sun mostly consists of hydrogen.

From 1750 the Royal Society started studying platinum. In 1803 the Royal Society palladium was discovered and osmium and iridium, derived from platinum. Berzilius discovered silicon and developed the system of chemical notation (fi Fe fir Iron). Carl Scheele (Swedish Academy of Sciences) discovered oxygen, hydrogen fluoride and sulfide, chlorine, barium, molybdenum, manganese and tungsten.

William Ramsay (Order of the Bath) isolated helium, neon, krypton and xenon. Helium was discovered by Edward Frankland (X-Club of the Huxley's, related to Royal Society) and William Crookes (discovery of thallium, HOGD).

Dimitri Mendelev categorized the chemical elements by atomic number (number of protons in its nucleus) in the Periodic Table of Mendeliev, used in biology, physics, chemical engineering. The horizontal rows represent periods of reoccurring properties. They are further categorized according to their number of neutrons (isotopes).

They are also categorized in subdivisions Hydrogen (1), alkali metals (3, 11, 19, 37, 55, 87), alkaline earth metals (4, 12, 20, 38, 56, 88), transition metals, other metals, Lanthanides (57-70), Actinides (89-107), semiconductors, other non-metals, halogens (9, 17, 35, 53, 85, 117) and noble gases (2, 10, 18, 36, 54, 86, 118).

Chemist Carl Kellner worked with Franz Hartmann (German Theosophical Society), Adolf von Bayer and the Belgian Solvay family and founded the OTO.

From 1901 the first Nobel Prizes in Chemistry were awarded to William Ramsay, Adolf von Baeyer (indigo), Henri Moissan (fluorine), Ernest Rutherford, Marie Curie, Fritz Haber (ammonia), Carl Bosch (IG Farben), Leopold Ruzicka (sex hormones), Otto Hahn (nuclear fission),.. .

During the WW1 and WW2 ritual the US Chemical Corps was founded.

In the the first half of the 20th century the biggest chemical company was IG Farben. Lord Raleigh (Cambridge, president of Royal Society) discovered argon.  Harold Uray discovered deuterium. Niels Bohr postulated a theory of nuclear fission and claimed uranium could be used to make a bomb. His institute discovered hafnium. The Solvay family organized conferences with Albert Einstein and Marie Curie (introduced the element radium).

In 1945 Knight of Malta Joseph Peter Grace became CEO of WR Grace, used for water pollution.

Glenn Seaborg played a role in the isolation of plutonium and the Manhattan Project and introduced the concept of actinide elements.

The US Chemical Corps performed experiments on humans at Edgewood Arsenal (EA) Aberdeen Maryland (drugs LSD, PCP, cannabis, alcohol, mustard gas, organophosphorus, testing of vaccines, nerve gases developed by the nazi's like tabun, soman and sarin).

Dow Chemical, Monsanto and Hercules Inc provided weapons for chemical warfare during the Vietnam War (Operation Ranch Hand, Agent Orange). Lithium ion batteries are used in laptops and cell phones.

Chemical elements of the Table of Mendelev

1 Hydrogen 2 Helium 3 Lithium 4 Beryllium  5 Boron 6 Carbon 7 Nitrogen 8 Oxygen 9 Fluorene 10 Neon 11 Sodium 12 Magnesium 13 Aluminum 14 Silicon 15 Phosphorus 16 Sulfur 17 Chlorine 18 Argon 19 Potassium 20 Calcium 21 Scandium 22 Titanium 23 Vanadium 24 Chromium 25 Manganese 26 Iron 27 Cobalt 28 Nickel 29 Copper 30 Zinc 31 Gallium 32 Germanium 33 Arsenic 34 Selenium 35 Bromine 36 Krypton 37 Rubidium 38 Strontium 39 Yttrium 40 Zirconium 41 Niobium 42 Molybdenum 43 Technetium 44 Ruthenium 45 Rhodium 46 Palladium 47 Silver 48 Cadmium 49 Indium 50 Tin 51 Antimony 52 Tellurium 53 Iodine 54 Xenon 55 Caesium 56 Barium

Lanthanides: 57 Lanthanum 58 Cerium 59 Praseodymium 60 Neodymium 61 Prometheum 62 Samarium 63 Europium 64 Gadolinium 65 Terbium 66 Dysprosium 67 Holmium 68 Erbium 69 Thulium 70 Ytterbium 71 Lutetium

72 Hafnium 73 Tantalum 74 Tungsten 75 Rhenium 76 Osmium 77 Iridium 78 Platinum 79 Gold 80 Mercury 81 Thallium 82 Lead 83 Bismuth 84 Polonium 85 Astatine 86 Radon 87 Francium 88 Radium

Actinides: 89 Actinium 90 Thorium 91 Protactinium 92 Uranium 93 Neptunium 94 Plutonium 95 Americium 96 Curium 97 Berkelium 98 Californium 99 Einsteinium 100 Fermium 101 Mendelevium 102 Nobelium 103 Lawrencium

104 Rutherfordium 105 Dubnium 106 Seaborgium 107 Bohrium 108 Hassium 109 Meitnerium 110 Darmstadtium 111 Roentgenium  112 Copernicum 113 Nihonium 114 Flerovium 115 Moscovium 116 Livermorium 117 Tennesseen 118 Oganesson.

Chemical elements can bond through ionic, covalent and metallic bonds. Oil is made from hydrogen and carbon.

Books on chemistry

Alexander Roob Alchemy and Mysticism
Arthur Greenberg From Alchemy to Chemistry in Picture and Story
Cathy Cobb Creations of Fire Chemistry's Lively History from Alchemy to Atomic Age
Cathy Cobb The Chemistry of Alchemy From Dragon's Blood to Donkey Dung How Chemistry Was Forged
Richard Morris The Last Sorcerers The Path from Alchemy to Periodic Table