Buddhism is a pineal gland religion/philosophy that originated in 600 bc in India, with Siddhartha Guatama Buddha as central figure. It teaches mundane reality is an illusion, that has to be transcended through practices like meditation and yoga. It is mainly practiced in Cambodia, Laos, Thailand, Sri Lanka, Vietnam, India,...

It teaches the 4 Noble Truths:

- everything that exists is trapped in the realm of Samsara
- everybody suffers because of craving and attachment to impernanent things
- one can end the suffering by letting go of attachment
- the Noble Eightfold Path leads to renouncement of attachment and attaining Nirvana

Buddhistic concepts

Bodhi tree: the Tree of Life of Kabbalism, Yggdrasil in Norse mythology.

Dharma: righteousness. The eight spoke wheel (=8 pointed star of Isis/Ishtar) represents the Noble Eightfold Path.

Dhyana: meditation.

Dukkha: suffering because of attachment to impermanent things.

Eightfold Path: Right speech, Right conduct, Right livelihood, Right effort, Right meditation, Right concentration, Right resolve, Right view.

Karma (action, doing): intentional actions that keep people in the wheel of Samsara.

Nirvana: liberation of suffering, of death-rebirth.

Samadhi: last of the 8 elements of the 8fold path.

Samsara (world): a wheel that represents the cycle of death/rebirth, of eternal reocurrence and eternal suffering.

Theravada (doctrine of the Elders): teachings based on texts preserved in the Pali canon, written in 30 BC.

Buddhists built the Borobudur pyramid in Indonesia with 9 levels.

Modern Buddhism

In the late 19th century British agents of the Theosophical Society studied ancient meditations techniques in India. The Yellow Brick Road in the Wizard of Oz of Theosophist Frank Baum is the golden path, the 8fold path of Buddhism.

Alan Benett of Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn helped popularising Buddhism in the West. Aleister Crowley incorporated concepts of Taoism (Tao/Dao the Way) and yoga in his Thelema philosophy. The Dhammakaya movement was founded in 1919 in Thailand to move towards one world religion.

Christmas Humpfreys of the Theosophical Society worked with Alan Watts (The Way of Zen 1957, Esalen Institute). The Dalai Lama popularised Buddhism in the media by collaborating with atheists and world leaders.

Keanu Reeves played in Little Buddha with Bridget Fonda and The Matrix with gnostic/Buddhistic concepts. Kurt Cobain played a Christ figure in rock band Nirvana. ABC series Lost contained Buddhistic symbolism (Dharma Iniative with octagon symbol). David Lynch and Russell Brand popularised Transcendental Meditation.