Atlantic slave trade

The Atlantic slave trade was the shipping and trade of 12 million black slaves of Central Africa (Congo, Angola, Togo, Nigeria) and West Africa (Senegal, Sierra Leone) to Caribbean countries (Curaçao, Haiti, Cuba, Jamaica), Central and South America (Brazil) to work in the coffee, tobacco, and sugar industry.

It existed from the 16th and 19th century. Gold and silver from America was also sold in Europe.

History of the Atlantic slave trade

1452 pope Nicholas V authorizes Afonso V of Portugal (married to Joanna of Castile) to use non-Christians as slaves.

1481 Aeterni Regis of pope Sixtus. Ottoman Empire trades white and black slaves at Barbary Coast in Algiers (Trans-Sharan slave trade). The curse of Ham in the Bible is used by the Catholic Church to justify black slavery.

1492 The fleet of Christopher Columbus, agent of the House of Castile (control over the Dominicans) invades the Caribbean island now known as the Dominican Republic (including Haiti).

1494 Ferdinand II Habsburg sign the Treaty of Tordesillas, which divides colonies between Spanish and Portugese Empire (2nd version of bull by pope Alexander IV Borgia).

1526 the Portugese transport slaves to Brazil. Africans are gathered at forts on African coasts and traded by African kings from a different tribe for European goods.

Spanish, British, French, Dutch and Danish sailors participate in the trade.

1571 The Portugese, in alliance with the Kingdom of Kongo, conquer Angola.

1588 John Hawkins (2nd cousin of Francis Drake), Treasurer of the Royal Navy, defeats the Spanish Armada.

1600 establishment of British East India Company in City of London.

1602 establishment of the Dutch VOC (East India Company, controlled by Black Venetians).

1655 the British Empire conquers Jamaica.

1660 the Stuarts (Scottish Rite masons, intermarried with the Medici family) set up the Royal African Company, extract gold from Ghana (known as Gold Coast).

1682 the French Bourbons control Louisiana (origin in Merovingian name Clovis), explored by jesuit Jacques Marquette.

1695 Komenda Wars in Ghana between Royal African Company and Dutch West India Company. The British merchants of Bristol and Liverpool dominate the slave trade.

1697 the French colonize Haiti and use the slaves to work in the sugarcane industry. They allow the Jesuits to enter Haiti.

1707 Elihu Yale (opium and slave trade of East India Company) founds Yale College.

1711 founding of the South Sea Company (headquarters in the City of London) with a monopoly in the Atlantic slave trade to reduce national debt.

1717 Scottish banker John Law (Mississippi Company) allows import of African slaves into Louisiana.

1720 collapse of the South Sea Company leads to economic bubble.

1730 slave market at Wall Street.

1754 the Seven Years' War. The jesuits end all their Caribbean missions, work with the British Empire (House of Hanover, EIC) focus on the more profitable opium trade in India and China and present themselves as anti-colonist, anti-slavery and Enlightened.

1773 Boston Tea Party protests.

1770 Histoire de Deux Indes of jesuit Enlightenment thinker Guillaume Raynal (Royal Society). Illuminati member Philippe Egalité was the patron of abolitionist Joseph Bologne (Chevalier de Saint-Georges) who worked with Thomas Clarkson and had a legion with black soldiers (like the father of Alexandre Dumas).

1789 Provocateur agents of the Society of Friends of the Blacks (Jacques Pierre Brisot, member of American Philosophical Society of Thomas Jefferson) play a role in the French Revolution. Its logo is designed by Josiah Wedgwood (Lunar Society).

1793 Eli Whitney (Phi Beta Kappa, S&B family) invents the cotton gin (keeps slavery in the South profitable, 2nd stage of Industrial Revolution). Slave owners Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson present themselves as opponents of slavery.

1791 Haitian slave revolt with Jean-Jacques Dessalines and mason Toussaint Louverture (Black Spartacus, also nickname of Adam Weishaupt) influenced by jesuit Raynal, against troops of Napoleon.

1804 Haiti massacre.

Alexander Hamilton (The Asiatic Society, nephew of US Secretary of Treasury Alexander Hamilton) makes British propaganda for abolition of slavery to focus on the Indian opium trade and teaches Sanskrit to Friedrich Schlegel.

1807 Slave Trade Act abolishes the slave trade -British Empire suddenly upholds anti-slavery image with William Grenville (Royal Society), Granville Sharp (friend of Benjamin Rush), Thomas Clarkson, Josiah Wedgewood (Royal Society, Lunar Society, grandfather of Charles Darwin), Henry Brougham (Royal Society).

1828 The jesuits of Georgetown University sell their black slaves to save their school from financial ruin.

1833 Slavery Abolition Act, Nathan Rothschild and brother-in-law Moses Montefiore provide a 15m loan to compensate slave owners.

1840 World Anti Slavery Convention of Quaker John Sturge (newspaper Morning Star= Lucifer) at Freemasons' Hall in London with Thomas Clarkson, Charles Pelham Villiers, William Allen (Royal Society).

1845 anti-slavery literature of Frederick Douglass.

1861 US Civil War (Abraham Lincoln, mason Robert Lee and S&B linked Jefferson Davies) over the issue of slavery, in the interest of the railroad companies. Leopold II Saxe-Coburg colonizes Congo.

1892 William Alexander Duer (fortune of the slave trade) becomes president of Columbia University (image of Enlightened).

1899 Joseph Conrad writes Heart of Darkness.

1900's slavery and colonialism is used to create the Black Church.

1975 BBC propaganda The Fight Against Slavery.

2020 the Woke trend.


United Kingdom